"But in your hearts set apart Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect." 1 Peter 3:15
Have tongues ceased? The debate…Part 1
May 5, 2010Posted by on
Robert – Here are the points where I believe that gifts (or sign gifts as Kevin would call them) are still active today:
- The gifts were given to fulfill the great commission (Acts 1:8). The great commission is not fulfilled thus the gifts have not stopped.
- I have a hard time limiting the ability of God to allow someone to speak in tongues or prophesize. The whole Bible demonstrates various ways that the Holy Spirit moves. None of them are identical.
- Omission of the prophecy/tongues gifts from the Epistles is NOT admission they have stopped.
- 1 Corinthians 13 does not mean that tongues/prophecy stopped in the apostolic era.
- The lack of historical evidence of prophecy/tongues in historical revivals does not mean that they have ceased, it only means that perhaps God had no use for it then.
Kevin – Let me clarify… I have never said that Spiritual Gifts are not active today. They absolutely ARE. I do believe, however, certain Spiritual Gifts (a.k.a. “sign gifts”) have served their purpose and, according to Paul’s prophecy in 1 Corinthians 13:8-10, have ceased.
Robert – First let me begin by saying that these points were not chosen randomly. They are the most common points argued for and against the use of tongues and prophecy. I hardly think that we will be breaking new ground here but at the very least these arguments will be our own. So the first point…
The gifts were given to fulfill the great commission (Acts 1:8). The great commission is not fulfilled thus the gifts have not stopped.
Robert – Acts 1:8 provides a pretty clear connection to the commission (Matthew 28:16-20). The Holy Spirit delivers these powers for the witness. As the great commission has not been fulfilled… the gifts of the Holy Spirit are continuing to be delivered.
Kevin – Again, we are not talking about ALL gifts here… However, the premise that spiritual GIFTS were given to fulfill the Great Commission is based on a flawed hermeneutic – Robert here is confusing a function/role of the Spirit (Empowerment – which is general and thus universally belongs to all believers to carry out the Great Commission), with specific gifts of the Spirit (of which there are many and assigned individually to believers at salvation – i.e. no believer has every spiritual gift.)
When studying the Holy Spirit one should look at Him from every angle: His Role, His Work, His Fruit… We don’t have time and space to chase all that down here, but suffice it to say that empowering people to live the Christian life and imparting Spiritual Gifts to believers are two different aspects of the Holy Spirit’s work that should not be confused.
- So, why are they given? Spiritual Gifts ARE given to build up the body (1 Corinthians 12-13, especially 12:7) and to confirm the validity of authoritative teaching of the apostles (cf. Hebrews 2:3-4)
The context here points to the surrounding passage as talking to believers in how they are to function together within the context of the church. Spiritual gifts (especially the ones listed in 1 Corinthians) are, then, more for the building up of the Church rather than evangelism. An integral part of building up the early church was confirming what teaching should be considered authoritative and what should be disregarded as heretical. God used spiritual gifts to confirm which teachings were false and which were true (cf. 1 Corinthians 12:1-3)
Robert – Kevin, you talk about how the gifts were to be used. I am confused. Weren’t ALL gifts given to build the church? If the body of Christ is the Church then don’t all gifts support the body of Christ? I understand that not every believer has every spiritual gift, and I make no assertion of that kind. You say that I am confusing the function and role of the Holy Spirit with the specific gifts, but I make no mention of former. I think you are unnecessarily bringing in the function and role of the Holy Spirit. You call it bad hermeneutics, but I call it plain reading…
Acts 1:8 – “But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.”
Emphasis on and you will be my witnesses.
For some reason you are wanting to isolate two specific gifts (tongues and prophecy) from the list. Do these two gifts not build up the body of Christ as well? According to Paul they do if done correctly (1 Corinthains 14). If tongues and prophecy were not intended to be a gift, why did Paul list them? Kevin…you have the last word.
Kevin: When I say your interpretation of Acts 1:8 is a case of bad hermeneutics it is because Acts 1:8 doesn’t specifically talk about spiritual gifts, yet you are tying it to spiritual gifts – forcing scripture to say something it doesn’t isn’t plain reading it’s bad logic. Acts 1:8 says that “you will receive power”. Without getting overly technical the original Greek word here is not the same word as is used for spiritual gifts… Therefore, to say that God is talking about spiritual gifts here is mistaken. I draw the distinction between different roles of the Holy Spirit because there is no link between Acts 1:8 and spiritual gifts. The word for “power” used in Acts 1:8 does not refer to specific talents, skills, or spiritual gifts, but rather the general strength to complete the task God has assigned – One of the roles of the Holy Spirit is to empower us to obey God (in general) and to embolden us to fulfill the Great Commission.
Robert, before linking spiritual gifts to Acts 1:8 you should take a hard look at 1 Corinthians 14:20-25. This passage clearly states that not all spiritual gifts are for evangelism, therefore, they should not be linked to the Great Commission, which is a command to evanglize.